Changlair Aristide makes his living in a smouldering, hellish landscape - the stinking refuse of an impoverished land.
Like thousands of others, the father-of-nine survives by hunting for anything left of value in the Truitier landfill north of Cite Soleil, a notorious slum near Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince.
Bin lorries roar 24 hours a day, leaving 100,000 tonnes of waste each month across 200 acres. Pickers frequently fight for the most valuable hauls.
Desperation and misery dull any sense of optimism.
"It's a hell on earth," said Aristide, 36, who has been sorting through waste since 1994 and originally saw the work as a way to get rich in the Western Hemisphere's poorest nation.
More galleries from The National:
US marks 9/11 with sombre tributes
World in focus - best photos for September 11, 2018
The Middle East Framed - regional photography for September 11, 2018